Pataleeswarar Temple is located in Cuddalore, near Chidambaram. It was constructed during the Pallava and Medieval Chola periods. The Saivite saint Appar is believed to have adopted Saivism at this temple.
This temple plays a unique role in the history of Hindu religion, art, and architecture.
There is a belief myth that by worshiping single time this God is equal to 16 times worshipping the Shiva in Kasi, 8 times in Thiruvannamalai and 3 times in Chidambaram.