Palaivananathar Temple is located in Papanasam, 15 km from Kumbakonam and 25 km from Tanjore.
The Thirupalaithurai temple with 2 prakarams (outer courtyard) occupies an area of 3 acres and its entrance is crowned with a 5 tiered Rajagopuram. Inscriptions from the Chola and Vijayanagara Empire periods are seen in this temple. Here Lord Shivais also known as Paalaivananathar.
There is also a world famous granary (Store House of paddy) Breadth: 86 feet (26 m), Height: 36 feet (11 m) capacity of 3,000 Kalam (measure) constructed by Nayaks in 1600 – 1634. State Archaeological Department declared it as a monument. Mention must be made of those from the period of Kulothunga Chola I and Kulothunga Chola III speaking of gifts made to the temple during the Chola period.