Patteswaram – Thenupuriswarar Durga Temple

Patteswaram is located near kumbakonam.

he temple of Patteeswarar presents a magnificent sight with five gopurams and three prakarams. It measures 650 feet (200 m) east to west and 295 feet (90 m) south to north. Pattisvara, the presiding form of Shiva manifests himself in the form of Linga, in the central mandapa of the first prakaram. Subsidiary deities like Sapthamatha, Mahalakshmi, Renuka, Navagraha, Surya, Chandra and Bhairava are housed in the inner parts of the temple. Ganesha is represented at three different places in three different forms – Anugai Pillayar, Madhavarna Pillayar and Swarna Vinayagar. In the northern part of the first prakaram, the consort goddess Gnanambigai (Parvati) lies in a separate shrine. A sculpture of Parvati doing penance is also found inside the temple

Significance:

  • The name Patteeswaram was derived from the daughter of the divine cow Kamadhenu – Patti, who worshipped the lord here.
  • Rama was relieved of Sayagathi dosha for killing Vali.
  • Parvati herself performed penance here.
  • Sage Vishwamitra was admitted in the company of Brahmarishis with the backing of Gayatri mantra in this place.
  • Sage Markandeya worshipped here.
  • All the Navagrahas here face the Sun-god Surya and are positioned as per the Agama tradition.

Durga

The shrine of the goddess Durga is very popular here. Unlike in other temples, Durga here is very soft in look and grace (Shanta Swarupi). Sitting on her vehicle lion, placing the feet on the head of the demon Mahishasura, the goddess appears in a Tribanga stature, eight hands, three eyes and jewels in the ears. Generally, the lion faces right, however the lion here faces the left side. In her hands, the goddess holds, conch, wheel, bow, arrow, sword, shield and a parrot.

According to legend, the Sapthavigraha moorthis(Seven deities of Shiva temples) and the speciality temples are as under the list:

Deity Place
Shiva Magalingam Tiruvidaimarudur
Chandikeswarar
Vinayagar Vellai Vinayagar Temple
Murugan Swamimalai
Durga Patteswaram

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